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Libro Historia de Cuba 5to Grado

Cuba is a country located in the northern Caribbean where the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Caribbean Sea meet. It is east of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico), south of both the U.S. state of Florida and the Bahamas, and west of Haiti. Its capital is Havana on the northern coast of the island. Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean, and with over 11 million people, it is also the most populous island. Spanish is the official language of Cuba, and the primary language spoken by the majority of the population.Cuba has a long history, dating back to before the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492. The first people to inhabited the island were the native Taino, who arrived from South America around 4000 BC. The Taino were eventually replaced by the Taíno culture from the Arawakan region in present-day Venezuela. The Taíno were skilled farmers and fishermen, and they also created the first known art and architecture of the island.The Taíno were conquered by the Spanish in the early 16th century, and Cuba became a Spanish colony. For the next several hundred years, Cuba was ruled by Spain. During this time, the island became an important trading hub for the Spanish Empire, and many Africans were brought to Cuba as slaves to work on plantations.In the late 18th century, Cuba began to grow in importance as a sugar-producing colony, and it soon became one of the largest suppliers of sugar in the world. In the 19th century, Cuba’s sugar industry continued to grow, and the island became increasingly wealthy.However, in the late 19th century, Cuba’s sugar industry began to decline, and the island went into an economic decline. In 1898, Cuba was involved in the Spanish-American War, and after the war, it became a U.S. territory.In the early 20th century, Cuba’s economy began to improve, and the island became a popular tourist destination. However, in 1959, Fidel Castro overthrew the Cuban government, and Cuba became a communist state.Since then, Cuba has been ruled by the Communist Party, and its economy has been based on socialism. In the 21st century, Cuba’s economy has begun to slowly reform, and the country has become increasingly open to tourism and investment.

libro historia de cuba 5to grado